Hospitallers

   The Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, recognized as a religious order by Pope Paschal II in 1113. Initially, its goal was to provide charitable aid to pilgrims in the Holy Land. However, after the First Crusade's (q.v.) conquest of Jerusalem (q.v.) in 1099, master Raymond du Puy reorganized the order along military lines, effectively turning its monks into soldiers. Thereafter, like the Templars, they were a mainstay of Crusader armies in the Holy Land. After the Crusaders were expelled from the Holy Land in 1291 the Hospitallers established a base on Rhodes (q.v.) from 1309 to 1522, the year when it was conquered by the Ottomans (q.v.). They had a house in Constantinople (q.v.). Manuel I (q.v.) used Hugo, prior of that house, as a diplomatic envoy. In 1390 the Hospitallers helped future Emperor Manuel II to restore his father John V (q.v.) to the throne, driving out John VII (q.v.). In 1399, Hospitallers aided Manuel II and Marshal Boucicaut (q.v.) in a joint expedition against the Black Sea (q.v.) fortress of Riva, held by the Ottomans. Lacking the resources to defend the Morea (q.v.), in 1397 Manuel's brother Theodore I Palaiologos (q.v.) negotiated the sale of Corinth (q.v.) to the Hospitallers, who then defended it against the Ottomans until 1403. The Hospitallers expanded their control as far as Mistra (q.v.) until popular resistance forced Theodore to buy back the entirety of Morea in the Treaty of Vasilipotamo in 1404. As stipulated by the treaty, the Hospitallers withdrew their forces. The Hospitaller attempt to create a base of operations in the Morea had failed.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hospitallers — • During the Middle Ages, among the hospitals established throughout, religious of both sexes lived under one roof, following the Rule of St. Augustine Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hospitallers     Hospitallers …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hospitallers — ▪ religious order also spelled  Hospitalers , also called  Order of Malta  or  Knights of Malta , formally (since 1961)  Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta , previously (1113–1309)… …   Universalium

  • HOSPITALLERS —    the name given to several religious brotherhoods or orders of knights under vow to provide and care for the sick and wounded, originally in connection with pilgrimages and expeditions to Jerusalem …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • hospitallers — Hos·pi·tal·ler || hÉ’spɪtlÉ™ n. person who belonged to a religious military group that was founded in Jerusalem in the 12th century by European crusaders to take care for needy and sick pilgrims; person who is a member of a religious order… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Hospitallers — The Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, an order of knights formed after the capture of Jerusalem in 1099 recognized by the pope in 1113. The order provided hospitals and shelter for pilgrims on their way to the Holy… …   Medieval glossary

  • Hospitallers —    These are the Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.    This order was formed in 1099 AD after the capture of Jerusalem, and recognized by the Pope in 1113 AD. They provided hospitals and shelters for pilgrims on their… …   The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology

  • hospitallers — The knights of a religious order, so called because they built a hospital at Jerusalem, wherein pilgrims were received. All their lands and goods in England were given to the sovereign by 32 Hen. VIII, c. 24 …   Black's law dictionary

  • Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem — • The most important of all the military orders, both for the extent of its area and for its duration Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God — • The founder of this religious institution, was born 8 March, 1495, at Montemor Novo, in Portugal Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God     Brothers Hospitaller …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God — The Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God are a Roman Catholic order founded in 1572. They are also known commonly as the Fatebenefratelli, meaning Do Good Brothers in Italian.HistorySt. John of God, the founder of this religious institution,… …   Wikipedia

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